March 25, 2023


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Variety recalls World War II 75 years ago – Variety

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In the history of civilization, the thought “other people have done it worse than you” has not yet comforted anyone.

In 2020, the epidemic became catastrophic, with deaths, illnesses, unemployment and economic turmoil. But as we celebrate the 35th anniversary of V-E and V-J Day, it is important to remember that people experienced these and many more during World War II – including the massive destruction of buildings, homes and even cities.

Diversity In 1942 the Nazis took a story about the destruction of the Czech city of Leeds. In the war years, Diversity Some places, including the Republic of Formosa (Taiwan Today) and Aachen (aka Ice La Chapel), have reported massive destruction to name a few, and now when we complained that we could not go to the cinema, at least these places still exist; April 4, 1945, Diversity Said that 400 pre-war movies in Berlin were reduced to 31, the rest were bombed.

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Adapted from William Wyler’s 1942 play “Mrs. Miniver,” the book centers on an English family adapted to World War II.
Virgil Upper / MGM / Cobal / Shutterstock

The film industry has often portrayed military action in wartime, but there have been horrific movies such as Miniver, “Steven Spielberg’s” Sun Empire, “Roberto Rosellini’s masterpiece” Rome, Open City, “and” Billy “. -Next “a foreign subject”.

In terms of destruction, the bombings in Hiroshima and Nagasaki have nothing to do with it. January 14, 1946 Diversity Reported at the first public screening of the U.S. military’s 40-minute film “Atomic Bomb Attack,” which illustrates the results. For another reminder, see Hidio Sekigawa “Hiroshima” in 1953.

In addition to the destruction, there was plenty of suffering. For the whole war (1939-45) even a decade later, Diversity Carrying stories of the housing crisis around the world, such as the 1952 report from Britain, this reporter wrote, “The shocks of war have forced households to double, with two or more generations in one household.”

December 10, 1941, three days after the Pearl Harbor bombing. Diversity The headline continued: “Hollywood takes stock itself; don’t forget to lose a lot of manpower in the war.” The paper said all conversations in the studios were “the focus of the war and what to expect.” It was predicted that armed services would enter all stages of entertainment. Considering the age limit of the draft law to be 35 years or less, it is understood that up to 35% of the studio manpower will come under call to service. Additional posts will go up to 50% among those registered in Toll Central Casting and Indy Office.

There was a tire shortage and gas rations. In Daily variety In December 1942, Hollywood studios estimated that their gas consumption had dropped by a third due to shortages. The theater owners tried to get extra gas rations for “taggers”, meaning those who carried movie prints between cities. Also in 1942, Southern Attractions regretted putting up 40 cars on its 10 live-performance shows, but the temporary ban on tire sales was catastrophic for its business.

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“Hiroshima”, directed by Hideo Sikigawa in 1953, is depicted after the atomic bomb was dropped.
East West / Cobalt / Shutterstock

Even more extensive was the food ration. On the same December 8, 1942 issue, there was an article about a United Artist movie filming “John Bonneville” (aka “The Kansan”) that was filming locations in Carnaville, California. Production costs জনপ্র 5 per person) and, like many others, the local Mountain Inn director pays them locally to feed them. Yapta was having trouble finding food.

He moved 50 miles to Bakersfield and, despite the supplier having his favorite food, he was “annoyed” when he couldn’t drink anything. “He was not informed when he was informed that the huge consignment of butter and eggs was scheduled to be accepted by the interns at Manzana.”

Of course, the disadvantages were that the potatoes were smaller than the experience of the mediators of Manjanar, whose homes and belongings were confiscated only because of their Japanese heritage. (After Pearl Harbor, James Wang Hao, a respected cinematographer for films such as “Thin Man”, wore a button that explained his motto, “I’m Chinese”.)

There was also a crisis of multiple products such as copper, chemical and print stock for film making and processing. Army officers went to the studio “to command all the firearms used in the picture.” Western and production action pictures were allowed to be finished and then the guns handed over to the government; After that, the studios used firearms replicas.

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Marilyn Dietrich, left and Jean Arthur star in Bill Wilder’s 1948 comedy “A Foreign Thing”
Paramount / Kobal / Shutterstock

And the WWII generation knew they were giving up a lot, there was a general awareness that it was not new. During the Great Depression, the labor crisis was severe, in 1933 about 25% of workers became unemployed. A Variety story that year noted that 90,000 showbiz people lost their jobs in the last two years, and the annual salary of the “mainstream business” in the United States was estimated at 6 156 million two years ago.

And back a few decades ago, Variety took an un-blinded piece about a universal film called “World of Clouds.” The World War I film depicts “explosive deaths from the skies, unarmed civilians, economic ruin, and ruthless war on non-combatants.”

In 1944, Will H. Hayes, the first chairman of American Motion Picture Producers and Distributors, best known for creating high-code codes that indicated the type of behavior that appeared in films – wrote a guest column on the war awaiting the end. He spoke in support of the US Alliance, but said that maintaining some independence was important.

He concludes: “When time passes, not only do homes and cities need to be rebuilt, but the way of life must be restored. After surviving the era of destruction, the industry must be ready for an era of construction. ”

It’s a thought to remember on V-J Day, V-E Day… or any other day.

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